vSAN Sparse Swap

Although this is not a new feature, it still seems to be a little known feature by many that can save you quite a bit of disk space. Prior to vSAN 6.2, all VMs were created reserving 100% of the configured memory, when there were no memory reservations defined. Because vSAN makes copies of the objects, we would need 2x the size of the memory per VM to be reserved for swap space. Remember that default policy is FTT=1 (2 copies), and swap being a “special” object, it will get the default policy (not subject to SPBM) and not Raid5 or Raid6 otherwise. On average, VMs have ~4GB-8GB of memory, depending on the workload of course. When we multiply this by the number of VMs, we can end up using quite a bit of reserved storage for swap objects. If we assume ~1,000 VMs per cluster, we would use ~8TB of space, in theory.

 

When is swap needed?

When  you overcommit memory, swap will be needed; and when you don’t overcommit, you may benefit by disabling SwapThickProvision in order to save some space.

This is an advanced config setting per host in the cluster. You can set this up through UI(6.5+), CLI, PowerCLI, and even Host Profiles.

 

CLI

get:  esxcfg-advcfg -g /VSAN/SwapThickProvisionDisabled

if 0 = Enabled. Swap is thick provisioned

if 1 = Disabled. Space savings

set:   esxcfg-advcfg -s 1 /VSAN/SwapThickProvisionDisabled

 

PowerCLI

A colleague of mine, Jase McCarty, created a PowerCLI script to set this at the Cluster level… Talk about the “easy button”/

https://github.com/jasemccarty/Vsan-Settings/blob/master/Vsan-SetSwapFiles.ps1

 

Host Profiles

The host profiles works the same way whether VSAN is enabled or not, you still create the profile from a host, apply it, check compliance, remediate. You will of course see more settings if vSAN is enabled.

I mentioned that this is an advanced configuration setting, so this setting is not visible on the host profile, unless this was set to 1 prior to exporting the host profile from one of your hosts. That means, you will have to manually set this on one host, and then export the profile for it to be visible on the WebClient.

 

UI

vSAN 6.5 –  Host>Configure>Advanced System Settings>Edit>VSAN.SwapThickProvisionDisabled> Set to 1

 

Friendly Advice: Again, if you are overcommitting memory on your hosts, DO NOT disable SwapThickProvision.

vSAN Stats Object Out of Date

Several people asked me this question several times, so I figured I’ld write a quick post about it.

When the default vSAN policy was being changed, people started noticing that the Stats Objects (Health) will show as “Out of Date”, even though the policy was applied at the end of the wizard.

A few things to keep in mind:

  • The Stats Object is exactly that, an Object, just like a VM home folder, or VMDK.
    • That object is associated with a Policy, usually the default vSAN policy
  • If you change a policy, you can apply this immediately through the wizard
    •  However, this applies the policy to the VMs (objects)
    • Stats Object is not part of any VM
  • If you change the policy that the Stats Object is using or sharing with VMs, then you will need to manually re-apply that policy to the Stats Object.

Scenario

  1. Policy change (Default in this case)
  2. Reapply Policy to VMs now
  3. Stats Object show “Out of Date”
  4. Edit the Storage Policy under Health and Performance and click OK
  5. This will bring the Object back to compliance

pol_apply_now

 

 

 

 

 

out-of-date

stats-compliant

 

 

 

 

Quick Video about it

Tip: “Cannot complete file creation operation. Failed to place witnesses”

I have a few home-labs that I play with on a regular basis. Before vSphere 6.5 went GA, I installed the beta code and created a vSAN stretched cluster using 2 Intel NUCs.

Long story short, hosts were upgraded, new clusters created/migrated to new vCenter, etc. I started running into weird issues, like multicast network partitioning, and not being able to move VMs to the new cluster. I decided to create a new All-Flash cluster and add another node. I was only able to move VMs on that new node.

After digging a little deeper, found out that the 2 pre-existing hosts were not cleaned up properly when I moved things around. They were still showing on stretched cluster mode on.

The Error:

Cannot complete file creation operation.
Failed to place witnesses. There are currently 0 usable disks and 1 more usable disks are needed in witness node.
Failed to create object.

no_file_creation

 

The Fix:

Turn stretchedClusterMode off by running the following commands on each host.

GET state: vsish -e get /vmkModules/vsanutil/stretchedClusterMode 

If 1 then it is enabled. If 0 it is disabled.

If enabled (1), turn off by setting to 0

SET state: vsish -e set /vmkModules/vsanutil/stretchedClusterMode 0

 

stretchedclustermode_off

vSAN VCG Checks

One of the most important aspects of any storage solutions, involves utilizing hardware to its advantage. Many storage vendors have taken advantage of faster drives and other technologies to create fast storage solutions, and vSAN is no different. We will discuss why it is so important for vSAN to have compatible/supported hardware and how to check this.

One of the main requirements for VMware’s HCI solution is for hardware to be on its Hardware Compatibility List (HCL), also known as VMware Compatibility Guide (VCG). This compatibility guide will allow you to check existing hardware and/or hardware that you plan to purchase for vSAN. You can also check vSAN ready nodes against this guide.

Before you deploy vSAN, all hardware must have passed the compatibility test. This is to ensure that the best performance will be achieved, as well as reducing possible issues due to hardware. Hardware compatibility with vSAN includes but not limited to hard drives (MD), flash devices, storage controllers, etc. It is not only necessary for the hardware to be on the compatibility list, but also have the appropriate firmware and driver versions for the specific version of ESXi.

How to check hardware against VCG

You can check hardware, firmware and driver version by going to VMware’s VCG website here

You can also check compatibility of vSAN ready nodes at this site.

Once vSAN has been deployed, vSAN will check your hardware compatibility against the downloaded VCG version. You can also update the local VCG version from the Web UI. To make sure the HCL DB is up to date on your cluster go to Cluster>Manage>Settings>Health and Performance from the Web UI. You can update the list by clicking on the “Get latest version online”.

hcl_download

 

If your vCenter does not have access to the internet, you can download/Upload the file manually, as follows:

  • Log in to a workstation with access to the internet
  • Go to https://partnerweb.vmware.com/service/vsan/all.json
  • Save the all.json file
  • From the same workstation connect to your vCenter, or you can copy the file to another workstation/server with access to vCenter
  • From Cluster>Manage>Settings>Health and Performance on the Web UI, select “update from file” and select the all.json file you downloaded

 

If your hardware/firmware/drivers are not compatible with the VCG, you will get a warning/error.

hcl_warning

 

There is a “fling” tool that will also accomplish this, but in addition, it will provide more information as to why there is a warning or error. The tool is called “vsan hardware compatibility list checker”, very clever name, right?! It is an executable that runs from a Windows command prompt, and produces a nice html report. You can download the tool from here

Once downloaded extract it on a window system, open command prompt and navigate to the location of the folder. Launch hclCheck with the necessary flags (e.g. –hostname, –help, etc.). In my case, I did this on my home lab, I am using self-signed certs so I had to use –noSSLVerify flag. Notice that this tool will download the latest version of the HCL DB and check against it.

hclcheck_cli

After a few seconds, the check is completed and a report is created on the current directory.

hclcheck_window

Double click on the file to open the report on your default browser.  One important piece to notice here is that the report also includes the PCI IDs for the device. So what? you may ask. Well, this can be used to check against the VCG, and get the correct firmware and driver info. If the VCG shows multiple instance of the same controller, SSD, etc., check the PCI IDs to pick the correct one and get the recommended driver and firmware version.

In this report, you can see that my home lab hardware is not supported for vSAN… it works, but not supported.

hclcheck_report

 

Example of multiple entries on VCG. Notice different SSID (Sub-device ID).

vcg_ssid

 

 

HCIBench null Results? But it worked last week?!

hcibench_logoLast week a new version of HCIBench was released (version 1.5.0.5). If you are not familiar with HCIBench, this is a VMware Fling that gives you a nice web UI to conduct performance testing for vSAN environments. It leverages vdbench to create VMs and stress test vSAN. The reports generated in addition to realtime views of vSAN observer can give you a great look at what your vSAN cluster can do.

If you are running version 1.5.0.4, you may now encounter an issue where the test runs, but it doesn’t run as long as you told it to. It also displays zeros for results. You probably ran it prior to Nov. 1st as was fine, so what gives?

The issue is with the vm-template. HCIBench will spin up vdbench VMs during the test. The problem is, the password on those VMs has expired for version 1.5.0.4.

Symptoms:
==========================================
In host-ESXi_IP-vm-deploy.log or vc-VC_IP-vm-deploy.log you will see the err msg: “no such mark “~pvscsi””
Or in all-in-one-testing.log, you will see err msg: “Too many authentication failures”
Or in io-test log you will see err msg: “Net::SCP::Error: SCP did not finish successfully (1)”
Your test will finish with 0s results.
==========================================

What to do?

You have 2 choices. You can either upgrade HCIBench to version 1.5.0.5 or replace the vm-template file within HCIBench. Ideally, you will upgrade, since there are more fixes on this new release.

Upgrade Path – Download HCIBench ova from https://labs.vmware.com/flings/hcibench#summary and deploy.

Workaround – If you are not willing to upgrade, we are providing the vm-template file in the download, vm-template.tar.gz, please download this file, upload it to HCIBench:/root/, in HCIBench command line, run 

“tar -zxvf /root/vm-template.tar.gz ; mv -f vm-template/* /opt/output/vm-template/”

hcib_download

OR you can resolve the issue by yourself:

1. Deploy the perf-photon-vdbench vm from http://HCIBENCH_IP/vm-template/perf-photon-vdbench.ovf (KEEP THE VM NAME AS perf-photon-vdbench )
2. log into perf-photon-vdbench vm using root/vdbench and run “chage -I -1 -m 0 -M 99999 -E -1 root”
3. shutdown perf-photon-vdbench vm
4. Login into HCIBench and run “rvc ‘VC_USERNAME’@VCENTER_IP”
5. In RVC, go to /VC/DATACENTER/ and run “ovf.download /opt/output/vm-template vms/perf-photon-vdbench”, after downloading, exit rvc by typing “exit”
6. Run “mv /opt/output/vm-template/perf-photon-vdbench/* /opt/output/vm-template” and “chmod 755 /opt/output/vm-template/*”

 

List of Fixes on version 1.5.0.5

  • Increased Timeout value of client VM disk from 30 seconds to 180 seconds.
  • Disabled client VM password expiration.
  • Disabled client VM OS disk fsck.
  • Set Observer interval to 60 seconds to shrink the size of observer data.
  • Fixed PCPU calculation.
  • Created link directory of /opt/automation/logs, user will be able to review the testing logs in http://HCIBENCH/hcibench_logs/
  • Increased the RAM of HCIBench from 4GB to 8GB to avoid running out-of-resource issue.